The Museum of Vietnamese History in Ho Chi Minh City, the largest museum, also the first one of the city, was established in the early 20th century.
The museum was built in 1927 and completed on Jan 1st, 1929. At first, the French planned to name this work Musse de la Cochinchine (Nam Ky Museum). But after completion, it was decided to name Mosee Blanchard de la Brosse – the name of Nam Ky’s Governor, who founded the museum.
From 1929 to 1954, the museum displayed mainly the ancient arts of some Asian countries. At this time, the museum was controlled under the Nam Ky’s Governor; EFEO was just responsible for the specialty.
In 1956, the museum was renamed the National Museum of Saigon, mainly displayed the works of Vietnam, Champa, Khmer, China, Japan, and some other ethnic minorities. On August 26th, 1979, it was renamed the History Museum of Ho Chi Minh City, and then the History Museum of Vietnam – Ho Chi Minh City until today.
The museum was built and designed by Delaval, a French architect. The middle part of the building includes an octagonal, 2 roofs shaped tubes attached with the stylized male phoenixes and dragons. Above all, there are 4 small balls which overlap each other. Therefore, some people say that the roof of this building brings a lot of Chinese ancient architectural factors.
In 1970, a row of the houses which the architect Nguyen Ba Lang designed was built behind the museum. The row of the houses is shaped U letter, in the middle, there is a lake. There are two lines of the houses on the sides, finally, there is a three-floor building with two layers of roof, also attached the heads of the dragons. Because all the doors head at the lake, the museum is quite airy and bright.
Currently, the content of the museum includes 2 areas:
Part 1: consisting of 15 rooms of exhibitions displaying the antiques and artifacts about the history the prehistory of Vietnam from the primitive times to 1930.
Part 2: displaying some typical topics of the South area, such as Oc Eo Culture, Mekong Delta ancient culture, Champa Art, Ben Nghe – Sai Gon, the composition of the people in Vietnam, the cultures of some Asian countries.
For a few years, the Vietnam History Museum in Ho Chi Minh City develops and expands the international cooperation. In October 2005, Guimet Museum of France chose the museum to be the partner in the Vietnam Art Treasures exhibition, Champa Sculpture.
In collaboration with the Guimet Museum, the gallery booth of Oc Eo Culture, Mekong Delta Culture was chosen to be models. In October 2006, the Vietnam History Museum in Ho Chi Minh City was supported to build a stone restoring workshop by EFEO.
Well, through this article, we hope that you can get more knowledge about this famous museum. Let’s plan and pay a visit to the Vietnam History Museum in Ho Chi Minh City.